The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is an international organization charged with maintaining the Domain Name System (DNS). If you are not aware, when you type a Web address into a browser there is are servers on the Internet that match up the domain to an IP address. The browser then connects to the computer that IP address is assigned to. The Web server on that computer then delivers web page back to your browser which renders the page into what you actually see,
ICANN was created to manage the Web addresses and maintain the servers that hold the databases on these DNS servers that translate a web address into an IP address. Originally web addresses fell into one of several top level domains (TLDs). These were:
These stayed as the only TLDs for a long time. But people started asking for more. New ones like .BIZ and .INFO were added. Some of these have made sense. But what doesn’t make sense is not qualifying applicants for these domains. For example. One of the new TLDs called Generic Top Level Domains (gTLD) is .actor. But there is no verification that an applicant for such a domain is an actor.
But the real problem here is that corporations and individuals are now trying to protect their brand by registering these domains to protect their names. It recently hit the news that Taylor Swift registered TaylorSwift.porn and TaylorSwift.adult to prevent someone else from registering those domains. Similarly Microsoft registered office.porn and office.adult. They were offered the chance to do so before the June 1 opening period when it becomes first come, first served in registering such domains.
To me that smacks of legalized blackmail. Are all these domains really necessary? Why should individuals or organizations with recognizable names and trademarks even need to pay money to protect their names? Why shouldn’t there be a vetting process to prove that a) an applicant is entitled to use the names and b) their site fits with the gTLD.